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Renewable energy on the Rise: 37 Percent of EU’s Electricity

In 2020, renewable energy sources made up 37 percent of gross electricity consumption in the EU, up from 34 percent in 2019. 

Wind and hydropower accounted for over two-thirds of the total electricity generated from renewable sources (36 percent and 33 percent, respectively). The remaining one-third of electricity came from solar power (14 percent), solid biofuels (8 percent) and other renewable sources (8 percent). Solar power is the fastest-growing source: in 2008, it only accounted for one percent of the electricity consumed in the EU. 

Among the EU Member States, more than 70 percent of electricity consumed in 2020 was generated from renewable sources in Austria (78 percent) and Sweden (75 percent). The generation of electricity from renewable sources was also high and accounted for more than half of the electricity consumed in Denmark (65 percent), Portugal (58 percent), Croatia and Latvia (both 53 percent).

At the other end of the scale, the share of electricity from renewable sources was 15 percent or less in Malta (10 percent), Hungary and Cyprus (both 12 percent), Luxembourg (14 percent) and Czechia (15 percent).